BIBLE ANSWERS: Was Jesus the ONE and ONLY Son of God?
(Ver 1.2) There is a popular false teaching going around in many churches that Jesus was the one and only Son of God and that is NOT what the Bible says. In fact that is not even close to what God says in the His Word. Why don’t we learn the truth and see what God actually wrote us in the Bible instead of believing preachers or teachers that don’t know how to read? This false teaching that Jesus was the One and Only Son of God has even crept into several modern Bible translations and thus it appears to become more legitimate than it truly is. Many Christians will read an erroneous modern Bible translation and think this is what God really said but they have to ignore the details of the correct writings of God in the original language word meanings to believe this way. This false teaching is destroying the truth to project an image that there are no other children of God except for Jesus. This leaves Christians with the impression that we are “a nothing” and “a nobody” and this is exactly what Satan wants you to believe so that he can condemn you.
Please understand this very basic truth, only the original scriptures in the original languages were God inspired and at no time were any of the TRANSLATIONS that were created by men ever inspired by God. Every translation produced by a human introduces some new version of the personal opinions of the translators that must be weeded through in order to find God’s intended accurate truth. I literally mean that you can find many translation errors in the KJV Bible, the NIV Bible, the NASB Bible and every other translation if you go back and study to find the truth from the Greek and Hebrew. This of course becomes highly controversial in many Christian circles. This Bible study will be potentially discarded simply because people do not seek to learn, know or understand what God says. Being a “concrete” or “firmly set, dry and hard” Christian will cause you to miss the truth and I hope this is not you today. I am a detailed oriented type of person. I was a computer programmer for over 25 years. You cannot write a computer program without paying attention to the details or it will not work. This same detailed oriented approach is how God taught me to study the Bible. Please learn to pay attention to the details found in the Bible and this will help you to see the scriptures more from God’s perspective that spoke them.
Also please do not read this lesson and believe that I am saying there is more than one Son in the Trinity! I am not claiming this and do not intend to do so. I know this Bible lesson will be controversial and I know that people will potentially take the message wrong very easily. People become so narrow minded when hearing something new. People like to take hold of one truth and abandon all others. I have said this more than once; there is more than one truth in the Bible. Jesus is the primary truth and the greatest reason to study the entire Bible but God teaches us other things like this lesson that should also be made known. This Bible lesson is not taking away from the message of Jesus Christ being the only begotten Son of God within the Trinity. Do not read this and believe that at all! I teach the Trinity of God very strongly. I teach the fact that Jesus is the only begotten Son of God very strongly. I teach the fact that God came to the earth personally in the flesh and died for our sins to give us His gift of righteousness. Before you criticize me on one Bible lesson go read everything and then ask questions.
The main focused scripture today in this Bible study is one that we have all heard at some time in our Christian life. This verse is one of the most popular verses learned by many children at an early age in Sunday school. This verse is one that Satan would like to remove from the Bible and this is the reason for his attack to pervert it. Here is the main verse in question that will be answered:
Joh 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. (KJV)
John 3:16 is the focused controversial verse that I will be talking about in this lesson today. I started with the basic KJV translation of the verse since I believe it to be one of the most accurate. However, this verse was translated by men in several different conflicting ways. For example the WNT, CEV, ESV, BBE and NIV Bible translations all get parts of the translation very wrong changing the original language into “Only Son of God” or “One and Only Son of God”. The KJV, NKJV, NASB, Webster, YLT, AMP, ASV, Darby, LITV and the MKJV translations all translated it correctly saying “only begotten Son”. While “Only Begotten Son” is more accurate, this English word “begotten” is not well understood to what the term means. This of course was not a complete list of all the available Bible translations but it gives us a clear view of why there is a controversy and asks the question who is correct? For your review comparison here is the NIV translation of John 3:16. Please note the differences given:
John 3:16 For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. (NIV)
Both the KJV and the NIV translations cannot be correct since they simply mean two completely different things. “One and Only Son of God” and “Only Begotten Son of God” cannot be considered identical because one set of modern translations completely left out one important word “begotten” when the other set included it. The NIV further convolutes the truth to add the word “One” before Son and this just brings further confusion since the word “one” does not even appear anywhere in the original Greek language. Now consider the English grammar found within John 3:16. What does the term “only begotten” represent and how does it relate to the noun “Son”? You should begin to understand that the term “only begotten” represents an adjective modifier to the noun “Son”. An adjective is only required to limit the scope of the discussion of the types of nouns being referenced. In other words if there is only one sun in the sky then there is no need to modify that noun to qualify which one you are speaking of. The same is true of the moon in our sky. When only one exists the need for qualification is eliminated. Now what would happen if there were two moons in our night sky? Then we would need to qualify which one we are referring to. This is exactly what God is doing in John 3:16 with the adjective “only begotten”. Now what does “begotten” mean and why is it found in so many translations? Why was “begotten” omitted from many other translations to change the meaning? We need to learn the facts in order to determine the truth and this is what we will attempt to do in this lesson.
Someone might try to ask if it is even important for us to believe the Bible correctly. Aren’t you just being too nitpicky to think that it makes a difference how we believe John 3:16? I would answer that question with this reply; does it matter if you believe the Koran or the Bible is the truth? They both can’t be the truth so does it matter which path you chose to be on? Of course it does. Jesus very clearly said that He was the only way to be saved (John 14:6). So now take that truth to the next level. Does it matter if you believe that Jesus was just a man like those in Islam because according to the Koran He was just a prophet of Allah when He died or should we believe what God says in the Bible that He personally came down in the flesh to save us? I hope you are getting the point. If it does not matter greatly what we believe then God would not have given us His Word to study and learn. Therefore, if the Koran or the Bible belief matters then it also matters if Jesus was the “One and Only Son of God” or the “Only begotten Son of God”. We just can’t omit one word that God included and think that it does not matter. What I am getting at is that we need to learn as much accurate Bible as we can so that we are not deceived by someone that comes along with a message of one lie mixed with several truths. How can we recognize the truth if we ignore the details of God’s Word?
I will warn you that this is an advanced Bible subject intended for spiritually mature Christians only. It is not a rudimentary lesson that is designed to feed baby Christians the milk of the Word of God. This lesson is definitely a meat subject that can cause immature Christians to choke. If you do not feel like you are very spiritually mature then please just go read another lesson so that I do not offend you with something that you are unable to receive. I will also warn you up front that this is another long Bible lessons with a lot of spiritual content. My subjects tend to grow lengthy because there is so much that needs to be taught from the Bible on any given subject. I usually do this using a series of Bible lessons but these Bible Answer responses to reader questions are usually stand alone. I hope you understand and will continue to read to the end.
In this lesson I will be using a minimum of 3 primary rules of sound Bible interpretation to verify the truth. I will also introduce you to a concept that you have probably never been taught before. This concept found in the Bible will teach us that there are at least 4 unique types of individuals that are called “sons of God” in the Bible. I can already hear the gasps being loudly raised by that last statement. People might be resistant to anything new simply because they have never heard it taught before. But please do not reject the message without first reading what is taught with an open mind. Then only after reading what is taught here do I ask that you become an Acts 17:11 type of noble Christian and verify everything that is being taught using your own Bible study. This is the only correct method to confirm what the Spirit of God wants you to know. Work within God’s methods and grow or work apart from them and fail to see the truth. It is your choice.
CORRECT RULES OF INTERPRETATION
I am going to begin this Bible lesson by introducing some of the basic rules of valid Bible interpretation. I will not be covering every rule that exists but these three will be used in this lesson for us to find the truth to what was written by God in the John 3:16 verse that needs to be understood. Can we begin by agreeing that rules are good? What would be the outcome if driving on the road was freeform with no rules to govern the actions of the drivers? How many drivers would still be alive after a few days if driving was based upon a chaos random approach of actions that allowed people to go however they wanted, where ever they wanted, how fast they wanted and whenever they wanted type of driving style? If governments permitted unstructured driving methods to how fast they could go or where they could drive it would be an extremely dangerous environment. This same principle of a no rules approach to Bible interpretation represents the same level of dangers except restricted to a mental or spiritual environment. I hope that you can agree in this introduction with the need for good Bible interpretation rules.
I will use three rules of Bible Interpretation that the Holy Spirit taught me to use. I did not learn these rules in any seminary so they may not adhere to your version of hermeneutics. But I would rather follow God than man’s rules because only God’s will give the correct truth. Please read these rules and then I will try to explain each briefly to help you learn how they work and why they are important to follow:
- Find and Use Original Word Definitions
- Compare an Original Word’s Usage with Other Occurrences in the Bible
- Search for Direct Bible Contradictions to Balance Scripture Harmony
ORIGINAL WORD DEFINITIONS
One of the keys to correctly understanding any translated Bible verse is to judge each translated word using the comprehensive definitions of the words found in the original transcripts of the Bible. Without studying the original word definitions you must trust and rely on an imperfect translator that was not inspired by the Spirit of God in what they wrote. Also many translated English words like other languages transform or mutate into new or different applications and meanings as the world changes around us. For example in the KJV Bible the Greek word that was often translated as “charity” would be almost always misunderstood by the majority of modern Bible readers. The modern application of “Charity” is not what the word means in the original Greek. This word was “agape” which represents the unique God kind of love.
These original word definitions are critical to discover. Without them the original meanings were often lost in many of the modern translations. I have heard some claim that the KJV Bible was God inspired and that no other Bible translation should ever be read. These types of proponents often claim there is no need to study the original Greek or Hebrew words. This is entirely a wrong belief based upon ignorance. These types of people have been so deceived that they may never know or see the truth of God unless they learn to dig deep and study to find it. I have discovered so many errors in the KJV Bible that leaves me no doubt that the original language study is indispensable to knowing the real truth. You are free to disagree with me, but by you ignoring the original language this will help us to resolve why we differ on what any one verse means. Let’s move on to another rule of correct understanding of the Bible.
OTHER BIBLE OCCURRENCES OF THE WORD
Another key to understanding specific original words is to go and look for God’s usage of the same Greek or Hebrew word in the rest of the Bible. To do this we need to use our computer devices, smart phones or tablets to search in our Bible for all of the places where God uses only the exact same Greek or Hebrew word that we are trying to learn. In doing this we obtain a more complete understanding of this one word that we wish to study. I need to emphasize that we do not search the Bible for the English translated word because more than one Greek or Hebrew word can be translated to the same English word. For example the Greek language has at least 3 different words that mean a type of “love”. But only God’s selection of the one can be compared correctly to learn how each verse usage is related. If we attempted to mix the Greek word “philedelphia” (G5360) and the Greek word “agape” (G26) we would be mixing apples with oranges and only causing confusion.
This rule of interpretation allows us to see how one word in one verse relates to the other occurrences of the same word in other found verses. This type of study method is what I call doing a “word study”. There is also a type of study that I call a “subject” study that goes into considerably more detail but also take more effort to perform. There are at least two different ways of doing a word study or a subject study. First in a word study you can restrict your search to only using the direct Greek or Hebrew word in question. This will shorten and limit the study considerably. The Subject study would need to include the matching Hebrew word for the Greek word in question as well as include every other word that is a synonym of the word in question and this can take significantly more time but can also give great benefits to new truths. Today I will only be performing a very basic word study for “only begotten”.
This word study technique of understanding the Bible introduces us to the concept of consistency and uniformity. I have found through many years of Bible study that God is normally very consistent in His selection of words, their usage, their application and what they mean. In other words if God wanted to say something differently in one verse from another verse, He would have used a different word. I call this God’s “Intelligent Design” of His Words. God knows every word and what they each mean better than you do, so do not attempt to change a word’s definition based upon some random human speculation or reasoning. Keeping a Greek word’s definition consistent will help bring stability and balance to our understanding of every word being selected by God. In review this step of correct Bible interpretation involves at minimum finding every occurrence of the Greek or Hebrew word being studied and reading each verse closely to see how it was used by God. We then compare each verse to every other verse to understand how they are related attempting to understand why God chose this single word in each. In doing this we attempt to balance every word’s usage into a single definition and application. This can be simple or it can be complex based upon the number of times any word is used by God. Some words are used less than 10 times (simple) and other times they are used many, many hundreds of time (complex). Let’s move on to the next guideline for correct Bible understanding.
NO VERSE CONTRADICTS ANY OTHER VERSE
The next method of understanding correct Bible interpretation is for us to utilize the basic fact of truth that NO one Bible verse when correctly interpreted will EVER conflict or contradict with any other Bible verse when both are correctly interpreted. Do you understand this rule? This is another essential part of understanding absolutely anything in the Bible. Realize that God is not stupid. Then understand that God does not change or flip flop on truths, word definitions, thoughts, concepts or ideas. God is not here today on this word’s definition and then there tomorrow on the same word. God is not a Dr. Jekyll or a Mr. Hyde type of God. God is a God of never changing goodness, purpose, character and qualities. What God says today will never change tomorrow. What God said in the beginning will remain true at the end and what was said will not reverse, disqualify or eliminate anything else that was spoken by God in between. I do not know how to explain this rule more clearly. If one verse says God has only one son and another verse says God has many other sons then one verse is clearly NOT TRANSLATED CORRECTLY. There can be no conflicts within the Bible when understood correctly. The only time a conflict exists is when a human does not correctly comprehend the truth of what was spoken by God.
I am going to apply these three basic rules of correct Bible interpretation and understanding to answer the question “Was Jesus the One and Only Son of God”. After you see what God and the Bible actually says about this subject you must agree that Jesus was not the one and only son of God. I will begin with the rule of searching for the original word definitions to find what God meant by them and then this will help guide us to what the word means in the verse that we are questioning.
G3439 ORIGINAL WORD DEFINITION
Joh 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten (G3439) Son (G5207), that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. (KJV)
This verse has become very controversial by Satan’s design. This verse was previously held up in football games like the Super Bowl until it was banned by the NFL again by Satan’s design. It has been cried loudly on street corners to passing people that walked by indifferently and ignored the message. It has been preached on TV and in many churches by countless preachers. It is one of the first verses that a child learns and memorizes in Sunday school. However this verse has stirred up a modern dilemma and debate asking was Jesus the One and Only Son of God as the NIV and many churches claim? The translation that I opened with was the KJV Bible and it is stated to say “only begotten”. However you already observed in the NIV how it was changed to say something almost completely different.
While the NIV change on the surface seems to be insignificant to many, the underlying application of the subtle difference is very profound. If Jesus was the one and only Son as the NIV Bible states then this verse translation invalidates a great number of scriptures in the rest of the Bible. This NIV translation purposefully causes a direct conflict within God’ Word and that teaches us that we need to determine the resolution to the conflict in order to correctly understand this part of the Bible. We will do this by beginning to see what the original Greek word means as defined in the original language using the Strong’s dictionary:
From G3441 and G1096; only born, that is, sole: – only (begotten, child).
The Greek word translated into English as “only begotten” in the KJV Bible is “G3439” and it is a single Greek word that is created from the combination of two other Greek root words. The first Greek root word designates the single or solitary occurrence of something, someone or somewhere. This Greek word is where the translators got the application of the English word “only” which is correct so far. However, the second Greek word designates something that was made or caused to be. Let’s stop there and consider what is stated when something was caused to be or made? Anything made was not in existence previously and that only means that Jesus was a new type of Son and nothing else can be assumed from this definition or it would be adding to it or changing what was given by God. These two Greek words literally mean that Jesus was uniquely made and did not compare with anyone previously created or anyone that was subsequently created. However it does not mean that there are no other types of sons that came into existence in some other way. Do you understand this so far?
Let me use an analogy of an automobile. There are many types of automobiles, but yet someone can also create or make one unique auto that was created as a special custom model that is unlike all the others. People do this all the time. This new custom car could be called this type of “only made” (G3439) model of cars. That is exactly what Jesus is being called in this definition. This definition does not mean that there are no other sons of God; it only means that this one named Jesus was made especially unique unlike every other son. Think about it before you reject it. Was Jesus uniquely made? I personally do not know of another human that came from a virgin woman, do you? I think that makes Jesus especially different than me and you.
The Strong’s dictionary further defines this Greek word as “only born”. What does this mean? I think this part of the definition also applies to Jesus very well. Were there any other naturally born sons of God? Not according to the Bible as we will soon learn. The New Testament is very explicit in declaring Jesus to be the only naturally born Son of God. This is the literal definition for “only begotten’ in John 3:16. To be called the “only begotten” means that Jesus was God’s only naturally born child. Again this does not disqualify other sons or children of God from existing using this correct definition. Did you know that God is all powerful? God being “omniscient” and “omnipotent” simply means that God is able and knows how to make a new unique child if He so desires to do it. This was God’s design of Jesus.
In the Thayer dictionary he makes the point that this Greek word G3439 is only used to describe a son or a daughter when viewed within their relationship to the stated parent(s). That is a very important part of the meaning and we will discover this as we continue through the other rules of interpretation. When using the Thayer consideration we must now deliberate who the parents of Jesus Christ were. Any serious Bible student will say that Jesus was both the Son of God and the son of a natural virgin woman named Mary. But we must eliminate Mary from this “only begotten” participation since in John 3:16 it is only speaking of God the Father who gave His Son to save the world with no mention of Mary. We should also know from further Bible study that Mary had other natural children born from the union with her husband Joseph. Therefore, Jesus was not the “only begotten” son of Mary. Nowhere in the Bible is Jesus called the only begotten of Mary and there are a lot of people that need to learn that fact. What I am introducing you to is what this Greek G3439 word means. Jesus was the only naturally born son of God and this is the only way that this can be correctly interpreted based upon the definition and the contextual subject matter. Uh oh I just introduced another important rule of correct Bible interpretation that was not one of the 3 that I was going to use today. This new rule states that no one can take any verse out of context to make it say what it was not intended to say within the context.
You see in John the 3rd chapter Jesus is speaking to a natural man named Nicodemus that asks Jesus how to be saved. Jesus tells this man that he must be “born again” in order to enter into the kingdom of God. Clearly Jesus was teaching Nicodemus about birth types in this chapter. Jesus is using two contrasting types of birth to explain salvation. Jesus was saying to Nicodemus that there is a coming spiritual birth that must occur after the natural birth occurs. We will soon discover in this Bible lesson that there are many spiritual births that have occurred since Jesus was raised from the dead. However, please note that up until this point in John 3 that no man was ever born again because the sacrifice for their sins had not yet taken place on the cross. It is within this context of the subject of births that we find this Greek word G3439 that was translated as “only begotten”. It makes logical sense to conclude “only begotten” son of God is related to the contextual subject of birth types.
Therefore, the “only begotten” son of God could only represent Jesus coming into the world through a natural birth experience and could not be related to this coming spiritual birth that Jesus described. This again is what this “only begotten” Greek word means. God only had one Son that was naturally born and His name was Jesus Christ. God’s usage of this Greek word to describe Jesus teaches us that only He could be called the naturally made, created or born Son of God. However, that still does not mean that there are no other types of sons of God that were spiritually born or created by some other methods. I hope you understand this but if not it should become clearer as we continue through the other verses found in the Bible on this subject.
OTHER VERSES WITH THE GREEK WORD G3439
If you search the New Testament you will find this Greek word G3439 that was translated as “only begotten” in John 3:16 is only found in 8 other verses. Five times it is used to describe Jesus in relation to His Father God but 4 times it is used to describe other naturally born children that were the only begotten son in direct relation to his earthly mother. For example, in Luke 7:12 God describes a man being carried out at a funeral and he is called by this name G3439 as being this mother’s only born son. What this means is that this dead man was her only child that she actually conceived inside her and gave birth to. Notice that only the mother is mentioned in this verse because of her presence. I would also like to point out that the KJV translators made the same mistake as the NIV translators did in John 3:16. In the KJV, Luke 7:12 says that this man was her “only (G3439) son (G5207)” but they intentionally leave out “begotten” part of the definition and that makes it an error. This woman could have had other adopted sons but that would be ignored by the translators from what God intended it to say.
What I want you to begin to see is that an “only born son” is always given using the relationship to only the specific parent being mentioned and does not necessarily apply to the other parent involved. There is no mention of the father in Luke 7:12 and he could have had many children through other women like Jacob did in the O.T. before he died. People like to put God into an oversimplified human box of limitations. However the Bible says very clearly that what is impossible with men is possible with God (Mat 19:26). So while a natural woman may have had only one naturally born son it is entirely possible for God to have other types of children that were not naturally born even though Jesus is still called His only begotten. Do you understand this?
I am certainly not teaching you that God had other naturally born children other than Jesus. Jesus by definition from the dictionary and word use application was the only naturally born Son of God that ever existed. Just please do not limit God to say this is the only way that He can produce children. That would be very foolish if someone believes their limits placed upon God effects what God is able to do. If we continue to look through the book of Luke we will find two other examples of this Greek word G3439. In Luke 8:42 a ruler of the synagogue came to Jesus asking Him to come and heal his “only born” daughter. I will just tell you that this is the same type of translation error example as seen before in the NIV. The daughter being described is not the only daughter in the nation born but she was this man named Jairus’ only born daughter. Again the KJV translators get it very wrong and leave out the word begotten. In fact the KJV translators in this verse added the word one to further confuse people. Instead of being consistent and making the word “only begotten” they changed it to “one only”. This just proves that there are errors in the KJV Bible the same as other translations. Now let’s look at the next word occurrence also found in a verse in Luke:
Luk 9:38 And, behold, a man of the company cried out, saying, Master, I beseech thee, look upon my son: for he is mine only child.
Here again is an example of a very wrong translation. It should not say “only child” it should rather say “only begotten” or “only born”. The word child is not found in the original Greek word. If God would have wanted the word child to be included in this verse He would have added the Greek word G5043 that is normally translated as “child” in several other N.T. verses, for example:
Luk 1:7 And they had no child (G5043), because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were now well stricken in years.
Here in this verse God is saying that this couple does not have a child. The woman Elisabeth is said to have been barren. What we can learn from this truth is that God has other words in the Greek language that literally means a child. So if God wanted to say “only child” in Luke 9:32 it could have been accomplished using other specific Greek words that actually mean that. The translators thought they were making a good assumption but this simply produces inconsistences that were not stated by God. God selected by His choice to say “only begotten” or “only born” and this was the correct original meaning. It is just so obvious to me that if God wanted to say “only child” that He would have said G3441 (only) followed by G5043 (child) and this would have matched what the KJV translators thought. However since God did not say this why did the translator not understand what they were doing was changing God’s word into something that was not stated causing a potential confusion to occur.
The last occurrence of G3439 not being used to describe Jesus is found in the book of Hebrews. In this verse God is describing Abraham and his “only begotten” son named Isaac. Let’s examine this verse and consider the implications given by God on this subject of Jesus:
Heb 11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son,
Notice that God calls Isaac the “only begotten” of Abraham. Uh oh, that is a major problem since Abraham had several other children. The first born of Abraham was a child named Ishmael and this child was born from Hagar. God does not consider this child to be an heir of promise. Also if you read in and study in Genesis I believe that you will discover that Abraham had other children later after Isaac. Yet God still calls Isaac the “only begotten”. What this teaches us is that God could have had other children before Jesus Christ as well as other children after Jesus Christ and that the existence of these other children still cannot disqualify Jesus to be called the “only begotten”. I know that this is potentially complex information but Abraham is a type pattern that was given by God in the Old Testament to teach us about spiritual truths. You see if you read in Galatians 4 carefully you will discover that God teaches us that the life of Abraham represents an allegory of spiritual truth that is much deeper than the natural story. I am not going to go into this allegory in depth today because that will take too much time. You should go and read my other Bible lessons to discover what this allegory represents.
I believe we need to be consistent when viewing this Greek G3439. I believe we can clearly see that every time it is selected by God in the New Testament that it is in reference to an “only born” child in reference to a single parent. You can go through every reference in Luke and see this very clearly. You can find this pattern again in Hebrews when God only speaks about Abraham and his only begotten son Isaac. Consistency is an important factor.
ARE THERE ANY “ONLY SON OF GOD” CONFLICTS IN THE BIBLE?
The next rule of correct Bible interpretation involves researching for potential conflicts to any given statement. If the NIV Bible translation is correct claiming that Jesus is the ONE AND ONY SON OF GOD then there better not be any other verses found in the Bible that contradict with that statement. If only one verse is found that can be shown to disagree directly then there is a major problem with one of the verses being read. So here we go with discovering the conflicts of the statement “One and Only Son of God”. We will begin with Genesis 6:2:
Gen 6:2 That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.
Here is another potentially ontroversial verse. Many have tried to explain away this verse as not saying what God describes. There are two separate types of individuals being described by God in this verse. There are the “sons of God” and the “daughters of Adam”. If the father of the sons of God is God then the father of the daughters of men must clearly be Adam. Perhaps you do not see it so clearly. If you research the Hebrew word translated as “men” in this verse you will discover that it is the Hebrew word H120 and this is the exact same Hebrew word as H121 that was translated as “Adam”. Therefore these women originated from Adam and these other beings had to originate from the spiritual creator God and they cannot be the same because of the two different associated fathers being described. Perhaps I need to tell you that this Hebrew word translated as “God” in this verse is one of the most popular names for God in the O.T. Bible. This Hebrew word H430 is found in over 2200 verses in the Old Testament. Nine times out of ten it was translated as “God” starting in Genesis 1:1 where it was first used to describe the creator. The other Hebrew word used in conjunction with this name of God is H1121 which was used to describe a “son” is defined to be a male builder of the specified family name. The family name here is God and the sons are clearly his spiritual children within His personal family. In order to confirm who these “sons of God” represent in Genesis 6, we need to look for other examples of these same word combinations in the Bible just as we did with our search for the “only begotten” Greek word. If you do the search you will find some important verses that help to reveal who these sons of God are:
Job 1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.
In the book of Job, God again describes the “sons (H1121) of God (H430)” but this time using some new contextual realities. The previous Genesis 6 setting was definitely set upon the earth with human female interaction but this time in Job this same group of beings are found to be in the very presence of God in heaven. What type of beings can be found both here on the earth and up in heaven in the presence of God? If you do not understand that these are angels then you will need to go study the subject of angels in more depth before continuing. I will give you a verse from a dream that God gave to Jacob and this will help establish that angels can travel between these two separate dimensions:
Gen 28:12 And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.
These sons of God must be angels based upon the logical facts given. There are other verses that we could explore but I need to move on. Please notice that Satan appears with the “sons of God” in Job 1:6. This is actually a very interesting concept given by God and implies a great deal of hidden information. The Hebrew word H8432 that was translated as “among” in Job 1:6 literally means that Satan was in the center of them. This Hebrew word represents a bisection of the group of “sons of God” with one half being on the left side of Satan and the other half being on the right side of Satan standing before God. This places Satan as the implied leader of the “sons of God”. We know from reading in Ezekiel and Isaiah that Satan was one of the chief angels if not the chief leader of them all. Also notice that the position of Satan being in the center of the “sons of God” means that Satan was also one of this group of sons by association. Did you know that Satan and the angels were called “sons of God”? Let me give you some additional proof:
Isa 14:12 How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!
Here in this verse the individual named Lucifer is called a literal “son” of the morning. The morning is actually a poor translation because this Hebrew Word H7837 means “dayspring” or more literally “early light” or even “first light”. The emphasize detail in this definition is the light and the timing of its appearing. Who is called The Light in the New Testament? God is clearly called “Light” in 1 John 1:5. Also Jesus claimed to be the light in John 8:12, John 9:5 and John 12:46. But since Jesus was God in the flesh both are equally the Light. I think I need to give you another key verse to this puzzle:
Luk 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
You can clearly see from this verse that Jesus was called the “dayspring” from on high. This literally means that Jesus was God but it also confirms who Satan was as a revealed son of God in Isaiah 14:12. If you look up the definition of “dayspring” you will see plainly that this Greek word in Luke 1:78 has the meaning of the early light of dawn and it is a perfect match for the Hebrew word definition of “morning” or “dayspring”. What God is revealing to us in these verses is that Lucifer was one of the first created beings that God produced. Early light in the context that God is Light simply means the preceding order of time which is a difficult concept for us to grasp about a God who lives outside the dimension of time. God is clearly indicating to us that Lucifer was His son before Jesus became His son. I know that is hard to grasp for many people because it is new information. Just keep in mind that Jesus was God who created everything and that He had children called angels before He ever had a Son name Jesus. All of this will become clearer as we continue to discover who are represented as the other “sons of God” in the Bible.
I want you to notice in Isaiah 14:12 that the Hebrew word H1121 translated as “son” is repeated in this verse the same as in Job 1 and Genesis 6 for the “sons of God”. God claims that Satan is a builder of His family name. The name of God is His family and God of course is the head of the family being the Father of all spirits. Perhaps this is a good time to introduce a New Testament confirmation verse that is related to this subject of sons and fathers:
Heb 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?
Here is a very revealing verse for the discussion of spiritual fathers and spiritual sons. God is being named the spiritual Father of all spiritual beings. Is Satan a spiritual being? Is every angel a spiritual being? You must understand that created Satan and every created angel are both eternal and spiritual beings before you continue to learn more complex Bible truths. I try not to teach anything without at least giving you a reference for what is being stated so I will give one about angels being spirits to help you see it:
Heb 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?
Reading this verse in context you will discover God speaking of angels. God declares His angels to be ministering spirits sent to minister for those that are heirs of salvation. I know this is talking about me because I’m an heir of salvation. Therefore God’s ministering spirits (angels) will be there for me to help in this world. What I have just done is establish a basic truth of angels being called “sons”. Since God is clearly called the Father of every spirit in the Bible. I hope you are beginning to learn how poorly translated the NIV Bible was in John 3:16. We have just witnessed the reality that every spiritual being is called a child of the spiritual God who is called Father. This literally means that we should find this father and son theme in the Bible in other places.
I have only introduced you to the second type of a son of God found in the Bible. Jesus was my first type called the “Only Begotten” but before Jesus we found that angels were previously called God’s sons as the second revealed type of a son. Technically speaking angels existed first as sons before God became His own Son in the natural form of Jesus. Did you notice what I just said? God created everything and everyone and He clearly self-existed eternally. However, the eternal God chose to become His own son before the foundation of the world to redeem us from our sins as well as accomplish many other things that I can’t get into in this lesson. God becoming a Son being born 4000 years after the creation of Adam was clearly a mystery that took Satan by complete surprise. However the wisdom of God prevailed and we find that truly “All things are possible with God”. I hope you understand this truth of the eternal Spirit of God manifesting as a human Son because this defeated Satan and set you free from Satan’s rule.
What I have just given to you is the realization that before Jesus physically existed that there were other spiritual beings called angels that are referred to by God as His spiritual children. This is enough of a conflict to cause us to reconsider the NIV translation of the verse in John 3:16. But there are many other verses that also cause additional conflict. Let’s look at another important verse:
Rom 8:14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.
Here is an additional verse that was written to the church (me and you if you are a Christian) that conflicts with the belief of “one and only son” of God. This verse indicates that those that are led by God’s Spirit will also be called God’s children. Are you a spirit? Do you remember that God is called the Father of spirits? God has made you a son when you were previously not His son. How did these people being led become God’s children? We have to do further research in order to answer that question and this answer is found here in this verse:
Joh 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
Do you believe in the name of Jesus? Have you received Jesus Christ? If you have done both of these then you qualify to be called a son/child of God. Now consider what else this verse says. This verse clearly indicates that we were once not His child but have become this son by God’s plan of salvation. Uh oh! That raises too many questions that just cannot be answered fully in this Bible lesson. You see you were a spirit being before being saved but yet you had to become saved in order to become this new son of God status. If God created our spirit and He was previously our Father then how did we lose this son status in order to need this again? The Bible is a highly complex book of spiritual information and this is just one mystery of the many that God solves by His extreme wisdom. I will not answer this question in this lesson so if you want to know this you will have to leave a comment and ask for the answer or go find it for yourself. However, I will give you this verse since it is found in the context of my main subject of John 3:16 to help confirm what I have just said:
Joh 3:3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.
In the context of John 3:16 we find Jesus telling a man that he must be “born again”. Uh oh again! What does this mean? Nicodemus thought that it meat that he needed to reenter his mother’s womb and be born naturally and that was not what Jesus was teaching. Jesus was teaching a spiritual birth and not a natural birth. Notice what Jesus confirms here. Unless you are born again spiritually you will not enter into the kingdom of God. That means before we were born again we were not in God’s family and needed to be saved (born again) to become a member of His family. Being a son/child of God is essential to being saved. We were once not His children but now being born of the Spirit of God have become His children and this is the new third type of son being described in the Bible. This son type differs from every other son type previously mentioned and yet there is still a fourth type of son that has not yet been mentioned. Let’s discover the fourth type of son of God that was not like the only begotten Jesus, the angels or the born again church. Here is where I will start next:
Luk 3:38 Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.
This is another controversial verse that is ignored by most non-serious Bible students. This is the genealogy of Jesus Christ recorded by the author Luke given to us by the inspiration of God. This genealogy proceeds in reverse order all the way from Jesus back to Adam and then finally concluding with God the Father of every spiritual being. Every named pair represents a father and his son relationship however the Greek word for “son” is not included so many believe that this was omitted to allow God not to be called the Father of Adam. However that is just the deception of Satan trying to keep you from learning the truth to what is stated in this genealogy. Let me go back to the top of the list and show you the beginning:
Luk 3:23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli,
Notice what God says here. God says Jesus was SUPPOSEDLY the son of Joseph. Any learned Bible student knows that God is correct to state it this way since God was His Father and not Joseph. Now consider the end of the list of names using the light of the beginning. If Adam was not the Son of God then God would have said “SUPPOSELY” again and since He did not do that we know that Adam was a created fourth type of a son of God. Now to confirm this we need to go back to read Genesis 2 where God created the man named Adam. Read this chapter in full if you like. I will not quote it all because I want you to focus on verse 26 primarily:
Gen 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
This verse was written about Adam leaving his Father to be joined to his wife. Who then was his father that he left if not God? It has to be God that was the spiritual Father of Adam. I know this because of what we read previously in Hebrews 12:9 where God is declared to be the Father of every spirit. If you go back up in the chapter at Genesis 2:7 you will read where God breathes the breath of life into Adam. This Hebrew word translated as breath is the same word that means “spirit” and this word teaches us when and where Adam received his spirit directly from God his spiritual Father.
We have now discovered 4 types of sons of God and there is at least one other type but that is sufficient overwhelming evidence that John 3:16 cannot be correctly translated as “ONE AND ONLY SON”. This erroneous translation simply conflicts with too many other verses in the Bible that teaches us about other “sons of God” that existed before Jesus came to the earth and after Jesus returned to heaven. I received one additional question that I will end with in this lesson. I received a question about Jesus having brothers and who these brothers were. I have alluded to this truth in some of my other Bible lessons but never fully explained it. I may not be able still to fully explain it here but I will at least introduce the subject for your consideration.
If there are multiple types of sons of God as I have demonstrated and God is the Father of them all, then it makes good logical sense that Jesus has brothers/siblings. If Jesus is a Son of God which He clearly is then every other son of God must also be His brother. In many of the parables taught to us by Jesus there is more than one son given. Even within Old Testament typology there are many examples of multiple sons. For example, Isaac was a half-brother of Ishmael. Isaac was accepted and the older brother Ishmael was cast out. This is a common pattern found in the Old Testament types. For example, there was Cain and Abel the first two sons of Adam mentioned by God. Abel was killed by his older brother Cain. Abel’s offering was accepted by God but Cain’s was not. Then there was Jacob and his older brother Esau. Again Esau the firstborn was rejected but the younger Jacob was chosen by God. Abel, Isaac and Jacob are all clearly types of Jesus Christ. Yet who are these brothers a type of? I personally believe that they are types of Satan. I have other Bible lessons where I address these subjects so I will not repeat it here.
What I am doing is teaching you that Jesus had spiritual brothers. We now know that Adam was a brother of Jesus since God was both of their direct spiritual Fathers. We should also now know that Satan was a brother of Jesus since he was called a son of the early light in Isaiah. We also know from reading that we Christians are also called spiritual brothers/sisters of Jesus if we have become “born again” by the Spirit of God and being led by His Spirit. How do we know this? Well we know this because Jesus was called the “firstborn” from the dead in Colossians 1:18. That verse teaches us that this means Jesus was given preeminence by God’s design being the first to be born again from the dead. Wow God teaches us some pretty hard things for us to grasp. Who understood that Jesus was talking about Himself being born again in John 3? If Jesus was the first then there are others that followed Him being called second, third, fourth and etc. There are many other verses that teach us that we are called brothers and sisters of Christ. For example we are called “joint heirs” with Christ Jesus in Romans 8:17. What is an heir? An heir is normally a child that inherits what is left after the Father/Parent dies. Who died to make us an heir with Jesus? It was Jesus who died to allow us to become an heir. This is just another divine mystery. God died and became the first heir and this act of God allows us to become the same in subsequent numbered positions. This is a very complex spiritual subject that is not known or understood by many Christians.
Today in this Bible lesson I want to reemphasize the fact that I am not taking away from the deity of Jesus Christ nor am I reducing His most significant Son of God status with the existence of other created sons of God. I always capitalize Jesus as the Son of God and any other being like Lucifer was but a mere son of God. I fully acknowledge Jesus Christ as being Supreme. Just because I taught you that there are other types of sons of God that exist in the Bible that does not disqualify the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit within the trinity. These three are the One True God. If you perceived any other message from this Bible lesson than what I just stated here then you need to go back and reread this lesson again and again.
My website is called “Advanced Bible Study”. This is one of those types of lessons that have been designed for spiritually mature Christians. I went over many things that will be rejected by a lot of immature people who call themselves Christians but yet that is the nature of teaching advanced subjects to students who are only capable of understanding simple basic subjects. I used 3 to 4 basic rules of good Bible interpretation to confirm the truth in this lesson. You should have learned these rules so that you can apply them in your Bible study. If you disagree with this lesson please do not leave me any nasty comments. I really am not going to change what I teach if you are incapable of understanding spiritual truths. I thank those that can see the truth and understand why it is important to learn. I could not include everything in this lesson so if you have questions I am willing to hear them and see if I can help you to understand anything that was not covered sufficiently. In conclusion I will give you the list of 4 types of sons of God:
- Only Begotten (natural born) Son (Jesus Christ)
- The angelic beings are called the sons of God created before the world existed
- The born again church are called sons of God if they are led by the Spirit of God
- Adam created as a son of God who left his Father to be joined to his wife
I hope that you enjoyed this advanced Bible lesson and will leave me a positive comment or question if you learned anything that you can share with others please do that also. Also please point others to this website to help the Word of God to be spread to the entire world. Post links to my Bible lessons on Facebook, Twitter or any other social media site where people can learn about Jesus. I thank you and may God continue to bless you as you are led by His Spirit with me. God Bless!